OCS accomplishes this mission by building the foundations of professional “OFFICERSHIP” — Leadership, Profession of Arms, Academics and Fitness.
Leadership: Instilling within candidates the qualities of a Professional Naval Officer. These qualities include Honesty, Integrity, Work Ethic, Military Bearing, Character, Dependability, Initiative, Accountability, Toughness and Teamwork. Further, OCS develops officer candidates to perform capably under pressure and in adverse conditions while testing and strengthening their time management skills and confidence.
Profession of Arms: Instilling discipline, military bearing, attention to detail, patriotism, pride, and building esprit de corps.
Fitness: Instilling a “Culture of Fitness” that will endure well beyond OCS through the entirety of a career. A professional Naval Officer must be physically strong and resilient — ready to LEAD/sustain a culture of fitness in an austere and challenging sea-duty environment.
Academics: Providing candidates a fundamental knowledge of the Naval Profession through classroom and practical instruction that forms the basis for their commitment to the Naval service and establishes personal standards of excellence which will remain with the graduate throughout the individual’s professional career.”
Navy Officer Candidate School (OCS) is one of four officer training schools located at Naval Station Newport in Rhode Island. This 13 week course is designed to provide a working knowledge of the Navy (both afloat and ashore) in order to prepare you for a commission in the world’s greatest navy. In order to earn that honor, OCS will test you morally, mentally, and physically to see if you have what it takes to both lead sailors and conduct worldwide naval operations in defense of our nation.
OCS is divided into four main phases, Indoctrination (INDOC), Junior Officer Candidate (JOC), Senior Officer Candidate (SOC), and Candidate Officer (Candio). Each phase presents its own unique challenges and experiences that build upon one another in order to prepare you for life as a commissioned officer. Your personal Honor, Courage, and Commitment will be tested at OCS and you will be challenged to live up to the highest standards of these values.
A successful officer candidate is one who embraces the mission of OCS, and develops the ability to execute basic Naval officer functions that are expected upon earning a commission as an Ensign in the United States Navy.
Below are different categories of students and is the required paperwork for successful in-processing. Students must review each section for applicability and required documentation.
All documents must be original or court certified copies. Photo copies, NRD copies, and notarized copies WILL NOT be accepted. All paperwork turned-in for in-processing will be returned.
Foreign documents, not in English, must be officially translated into English by an official translator or translation company.
For those married or who may have financial situations that require regular address, it is recommended you provide your spouse or trusted agent with a Limited Power of Attorney prior to reporting to Officer Training Command Newport (OTCN) to address financial or legal situations that may arise. You will have the opportunity to generate a Military Power of Attorney free of charge after reporting to OTCN.
Students will NOT have access to cellphones for a majority of their training time. All required or requested contact information must be available in hard copy (written format).
Required for all students
Required for students with spouses and dependents
In order for spouse and dependents to be enrolled in DEERS, all documents must be original or court certified copies. Photo copies, NRD copies, and notarized copies WILL NOT be accepted. All paperwork turned in for processing will be returned.
Please see the following for further information on required documents:
Check what original documents you need to get your Common Access Card (Military ID):
DEERs requirements for CACs: https://www.cac.mil/Portals/53/Documents/required_docs.pdf
Active duty Sailors will lose NSIPS access while in a training status at OTCN. Best practice is to bring hard copies of all documents that will be required and would normally be accessed via NSIPS.
Prior to arrival, verify that Navy Department Awards Web Service (NDAWS) accurately reflects all awards received (individual and unit level).
The items needed to begin training are listed below. No more than what is listed should be brought. During check in, any candidate without the required items will be required to purchase them. Trips to the Navy Exchange may be made after the first week of training.
Required for female students
Recommended for all students (available for purchase at the Navy Exchange on base.)
Additional Items Recommended for all students
Recommended and authorized for female students
Contraband is defined as any item that is prejudicial to the good order and discipline, health, welfare, or safety of any candidate at OCS. The following items are specifically identified as contraband and if brought on to the premises they will be confiscated and discarded. This list is not all inclusive:
You will purchase all necessary uniforms during your first week of training at OCS. DO NOT purchase them prior to arrival. The average OCS student will spend roughly $3,500 on uniforms. The uniform allowance does not cover the entire cost. Most students will need to pay out-of-pocket an additional $1,500. Planning for the additional payment is important. (Link to download) List of Uniform Items Purchased Upon Check-In .
No civilian clothes are required at OCS. An issued uniform will be worn at all times until graduation.
Prior Military Service / Active Duty Students
Bring the following ONLY IF you already own them. Your uniforms will be verified for serviceability and proper fit after arrival. Any items determined to be unserviceable shall be replaced during uniform issue periods.
OCS is designed to provide the baseline level of knowledge required of all commissioned officers in the United States Navy.
Over the 13-weeks course, candidates will be instructed in the following areas:
Military training at Officer Candidate school is designed to transform individuals into cohesive operating teams with the overall goal of training candidate officers to become professional, confident and competent future Naval officers worthy of earning their Nation's special trust and confidence.
Military training is comprised of the following areas:
Naval officers are expected to be a model of physical fitness to their sailors and the American public. Candidates who successfully complete training at Officer Candidate School (OCS) within the 13-week course, arrive meeting above average physical standards. Candidates who arrive at minimum physical standards will struggle to complete the school in the allotted time, and are also subject to disenrollment.
During the first two days of training, candidates will undergo a Body Composition Analysis (BCA). If a candidate is found to exceed allowable limits, they are subject to removal from their class and / or disenrollment from the program.
During the first week of training, candidates will be required to pass an initial Navy Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) to determine suitability to initiate physical training. Candidates must be able to complete the initial PFA with a minimum passing score of Satisfactory Medium in all categories (push-ups, planks, 1.5 mile run).
Proper form is essential to successfully completing push-ups and planks. Your recruiter can provide further instruction on proper form.
Candidates who do not pass the initial height and weight check will be further assessed to determine if they meet the Navy's body composition standards. This determination is made in two different steps.
The first step is abdominal circumference. Candidates are expected to be within the following Navy standards:
Candidates who fail the abdominal circumference will then complete the second step, body fat composition. The abdominal circumference found in step one will be utilized to determine their body fat composition. Candidates are expected to be within the following Navy standards:
Candidates who are concerned about meeting body composition limits should schedule an assessment with their recruiter prior to arrival at OCS.
The Navy’s official guidance can be found here: Guide 4 – Body Composition Assessment
The PFA consists of four evolutions: height and weight verification, planks, push-ups (2 mins), and a 1.5 mile run. The minimum passing standard in each category is Satisfactory Medium.
Candidates that fail any PFA administered at OCS, are subject to removal from their class and may be subject to disenrollment from the program.
It is imperative that you arrive in the best possible physical shape; ready and able to participate in a demanding physical fitness program.
At a certain point in training, all candidates will be expected to achieve the Navy standard of a GOOD-LOW on the PFA. The Navy’s official guidance can be found here: Guide 5 – Physical Readiness Test
During the first week of training, you will commence a regimen of daily physical training. Candidates must be able to perform aerobic activity, muscular strength exercises, and endurance exercises. Aerobic activity will include running approximately 3 miles, two times per week, on a track or road surface and three days of strength training through HIIT exercises. Successful candidates arrive at OCS already able to complete 30 mins of aerobic exercise in a session, sustained running at a pace consistent with passing the run portion of the PFA, and a variety of total body calisthenics.
Below is a list of common exercises authorized in training at OCS (not all-inclusive).
Below are example workouts conducted by candidates at OCS.
During Week-2, candidates will complete the Third Class swim qualification. This qualification includes the following:
Candidates who are unable to complete the Third Class Swim qualification will be sent to remedial swim training. If candidates are unable to pass the Third Class Swim qualification by Week-9, they will be removed from their class for further remediation in Remedial Holding Company.
Below is a link to the Technical Training group at Officer Training Command Newport who oversees the Third Class Swim Qualification:
3rd Class Qualification Page
After clicking the below link, select Group Training Series. These exercises should be performed for 30 - 60 minutes, 3 - 4 days a week.
Group Training Series.
***NOTE*** No physical activity should be initiated without first consulting your physician to determine physical suitability.
NOFFS Virtual Trainer
Candidates may also download and access the official Navy PFA mobile application by SeaWarrior Applications. This mobile application provides further links and information to successfully prepare for and complete the Navy PFA.
Physical Fitness Qualifications (requirements to graduate):
Congratulations on your selection to Officer Candidate School (OCS) and thank you for making the decision to serve your country as a Naval officer. Very few men and women meet the numerous screening requirements and have the dedication and desire to earn a seat in OCS.
To successfully complete the program, you will need to exhibit mental toughness, physical strength and conditioning, and a never-quit attitude.
Below, accepted future Officer Candidates will find several documents that will assist them with their pre-arrival preparations. Your recruiter should have provided several of these documents to you. If your recruiter has not provided any of these documents, please contact him / her.
Commitment To Success Form (NAVCRUIT 1131/15) – Provides formal check-list of information and documents for selected future Officer Candidates to review with their recruiter.
Preparation and Expectations Letter – Welcome letter from the Director of Officer Candidate School. Provides expectations for selected future Officer Candidates.
OCS Delayed Entry Program Guide – Provides information on OCS, Navy Core Values, general information, rank and insignia, qualification standards, and physical fitness standards. All selected Officer Candidates are strongly encouraged to review this guide in its entirety and begin memorizing the information provided in the Gouge section.
Navy Fitness and Nutrition Guide – Provides information on fitness and nutrition that will help ensure selected candidates arrive at OCS healthy and ready to train. Candidates who successfully complete training at OCS within the prescribed course length arrive able to meet or exceed the minimum physical standard of Satisfactory Medium on all portions of the Navy Physical Fitness Assessment. Candidates not able to meet these minimum physical standards will struggle to complete the course in the allotted time.
Naval Station Newport Base Map - Provides Naval Station Newport base layout and location of OCS check-in and base hotels.
Defense Visual Information Distribution Service (DVIDS) - OTC Newport on DVIDS
Facebook - OTC Newport
YouTube - Faces of OCS
Candidates at OCS are able to send and receive mail through the USPS. Below is the mailing address for all candidates while at OCS. Only the candidates name and class number will require updating.
All Officer Accession program applications, including OCS, are handled through Navy Recruiting Command. For information on specific programs and their requirements, please click the below link, contact your nearest Navy Recruiter, or send an email to email@example.com. Ensure to reference Officer Accession Programs.
Enlisted personnel applying to OCS should reference OPNAVINST 1420.1 (series), Promotion, Special Selection, Selective Early Retirement, and Selective Early Removal Boards for Commissioned Officers of the Navy and Marine Corps. Officer Candidate School specific information is located in Chapter 7. Additional questions should be directed to your Command Career Counselor (CCC).
Candidates for OCS should make arrangements to arrive and check-in no earlier than 0800 on Saturday and no later than 1600 on Saturday. If you are unable to arrive by 1600 on Saturday, attempt to reach out to the Officer Training Command Newport Command Duty Officer by calling 401-862-4321, or your Class Team point of contact.
Individuals who arrive earlier than the Saturday of their check-in weekend will not be provided housing by Officer Training Command Newport. All candidates who plan on arriving early should make lodging reservations either out in town or, at the Newport Navy Gateway Inn and Suites. Candidates will submit all receipts for travel and lodging to OTCN prior to detaching from the command.
Men: Upon arrival at OCS you will be required to have your head shaved. During the third phase of training (Senior Officer Candidate Phase), men will be allowed to start growing their hair out. During the final phase of training, men are authorized to style their hair within Navy regulations. See the link below for guidelines.
Women: Upon arrival at OCS, you will be required to maintain a hairstyle in accordance with Officer Candidate Regulations (OCR). It is recommended that women arrive with hair as close to their natural color as possible to forgo compliance issues.
Please note, women with hair longer than a bob are only authorized to wear their hair in a bun until the final phase of training. At no time are women authorized to shave their heads in accordance with US Navy regulations. The link below provides information on authorized hair styles and grooming standards.
Grooming Standards for Men and Women
Candidates are allotted 10 to 20 minutes for health and hygiene in the morning period. It is encouraged that future candidates practice getting ready (shave / shower / dress / hair) within this amount of time prior to their arrival at OCS.
You will be required to eat in the Ney Hall dining facility for every meal while at OCS with the exception of liberty weekends during the final phase of training. Meals are only offered three times a day, and food is not allowed in the barracks. The galley has an adequate selection, which includes a salad and fruit bar along with a variety of proteins and vegetables. A vegetarian option is provided at every meal.
The below links provide information on authorized awards and medals from other services for wear on Navy uniforms.
United States Navy Uniform Regulations
U.S. Navy Awards
OCS Graduation Ceremonies are typically held in Kay Hall at 1000 on Fridays. The Graduation ceremony lasts approximately 60 minutes. Please note: students will not be secured from training until noon on Friday. Therefore, flights leaving out of Providence should not depart until after 1500 on Friday. Flights out of Boston should not depart until 1700 on Friday.
Family travel arrangements for those who plan to attend the graduation reception and graduation should be made well in advance. The following website provides information on the Newport Area and can help in locating services.
All non-military visitors will be required to be vetted by base security before arriving for the reception or graduation festivities. Students who wish to invite family members that do not have Military ID and are not normally allowed on military bases will need to provide the following information for each guest during week eight of training:
Foreign Nationals will also need to provide the following information:
If visitors are not on the approved access list, they will be turned away at the gate.
In case of family emergency, the candidate's family should go through their nearest American Red Cross for assistance in contacting the command.
For non-emergent issues (not relating to medical condition of immediate family member or other extraneous hardship), the candidate's family may inform the candidate through the following individuals:
Command Duty Officer: (401) 862-4321
American Red Cross Hero Care Center: (800) 272-7337 or online at: www.redcross.org/get-help/military-families/emergency-communication.html
Candidates are authorized to receive mail as soon as they arrive at OCS. Packages may include anything except those items listed as contraband. Contraband is defined as any item that is prejudicial to the good order and discipline, health, welfare, or safety of any candidate at OCS.
Question: What are the BCA and Physical Fitness requirements at OCS?
Answer: You should strive to arrive at OCS in peak physical condition and prepared to immediately perform a Navy PFA. At an absolute minimum, you need to arrive at OCS well within Navy BCA standards and be able to pass a Navy PRT with at least GOOD scores in all events to make your time easier when it comes to accomplishing the physical fitness tests and when conducting daily physical fitness requirements. Showing up in marginal BCA standards and the ability to pass a Navy PRT with “satisfactory” scores will make your time at OCS extremely challenging and could result in you being rolled back to provide time for you to improve your physical conditioning – delaying your graduation and commissioning. If you arrive at OCS out of DOD BCA Standards or fail to meet Satisfactory Medium scores in all three categories of the Navy PRT, you will have three weeks to meet these standards or you will be processed from OCS for attrition. OCS uses the Navy BCA and Physical Fitness standards as defined in OPNAVINST 6110.1J. Additional information about OCS Physical Fitness requirements can be found on this OCS webpage on the Physical Fitness "Tabbed" section: https://netc.navy.mil/Commands/Naval-Service-Training-Command/OTCN/OCS
Question: Are alternate cardio or swim options available for PRTs at OCS?
Answer: No. Candidates shall run all PRTs at OCS. Additionally, if you have routinely completed past PRTs using alternate cardio options you are HIGHLY encouraged to practice taking a PRT by running the 1.5 mile course.
Question: Should I complete a PRT prior to shipping and arrival at OCS?
Answer: Yes, Sailors shipping to OCS will complete and ensure the current cycle PRT is logged in PRIMS.
Question: Where can I find the required documents and materials to bring to OCS for check-in?
Answer: Review this OCS webpage: OCS and click on FAQ and Required and Recommended Items "tabs" .
Question: What happens if I do not complete OCS?
Answer: Sailors that Drop on Request (DOR) or meet OCS attrition criteria will potentially lose their rate and become needs of the Navy.